Forensic Technology

When a crime is committed, evidence is often left behind that can aid law enforcement in figuring out what exactly happened, how it happened, and who may have been responsible for it. In the past, this evidence may have easily been missed or investigators may not have had the tools to test or analyze it. Fortunately, technology has advanced significantly, and more crimes are being solved courtesy of forensic technology. Forensic technology is defined as the use of technology to retrieve and analyze evidence discovered in the investigation of a crime, which can be useful during litigation. It can be technology that's used for the analysis of physical evidence, such as analyzing blood or DNA, or it may be technology that's used in computer forensics. Computer forensic technology not only aids in solving digital crimes, but it has also created more opportunities in terms of IT careers.

Computers have unfortunately become a useful tool for those who commit crimes. Often, people associate computers with financial crimes or identity theft; however, they are also frequently used by sexual predators, pedophiles, terrorists, and even murderers who store incriminating evidence on their computer or online via social networking sites or email. Information stored on computers or the Internet can be accessed with the use of forensic technology. This technology allows trained experts to recover encrypted, corrupted, or deleted data, find information, and investigate malicious code. It includes the use of software and technology that allows for dead-box and live-box analysis or copying of a computer's hard drive. Dead-box analysis is the analysis of a hard drive that is not running, while live-box analysis occurs on systems that are running. Although forensic technology is highly advanced, it is ever-changing, as crimes and technology used by those who commit them are also becoming more complex and sophisticated.

People interested in pursuing a career in technology that's associated with computer forensics will need to have the appropriate education. This includes an associate, bachelor's, or master's degree in computer forensics, computer science, or criminal justice. Some people may wish to get a certification, or they may be required to do so by law. With the appropriate education, one can pursue a number of positions, such as computer forensics examiner or computer crime investigator.